How India growing in science and technology? A brief note on India Innovation Report.

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In December 9 2019, they have published India Innovation report, which exposes the scientific achievement of India during last five years growth and segment wise analysis of patent generation. It is a promising trend that India showed a growth of 10.8%. We can appreciate the policies of government of India, which played substantial role to achieve this tremendous growth. However, the growth of India is in second position in Asian countries this is because of very less benchmark in the previous years. We it clearly says if we place a good benchmark, our growth will be far behind from China, Japan, North Korea and Singapore. These four nations have scientific capabilities more than India among Asian countries in several key segments.

In-group wise analysis of the patents, priority patents almost doubled in last ten years. However, looking in to the distribution of patent categories a clear lop-sidedness is perceptible. India enlisted most of the patents in the Computing, Polymers and Plastics, Communications and Pharmaceutical. The reason behind this phenomenon is “India is a service giant”, doing most of the outsourcing and software services of the entire glob. Moreover, growth in automobile industry and mobile internet sector uplifted this cyst. Nevertheless, in the number of patents generation India is far behind compare to China, Japan and Korea. There is a difference of several millions in number of patent generation.  In 2017, India generated only 2.17% of patents compared to China; they have 2.7 million patents in that year.

While looking to the deep in the analytics, The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) made leading contribution to the patents, they have many laboratories and funded by government of India. Other major contributors are foreign companies like Samsung, Huawei, Gen Electric, Ericsson etc. Indian private companies like TCS and Reliance Industries made significant contribution; TCS is software development and Reliance in petrochemical industries.

It is an interesting thing that Indian pharmaceutical companies made major contribution in patents; – Cadila Healthcare Ltd, Wockhardt, Sun/Ranbaxy, Lupin Ltd. They may be registered patent on drug delivery systems especially nanotechnology based drug delivery, there is no new molecule introduced by any Indian pharmaceutical companies. Patent of drug delivery mechanisms merely says about the patent numbers. Making these drug delivery systems as a commercial product is a huge task and takes log of effort and time.

In computing segment Major patent makers are foreign companies like Samsung, Ericsson, Huawei, HP, Nokia, Robert Bosch etc TCS, Wipro and Infosys from Indian side. There is commendable trend in polymer technologies apart from CSIR and DRDO universities like IIT Bombay and Amity University are top assignees.

In communication segment, again foreign companies scored Huawei, Ericsson, Samsung, Nokia, HP, Qualcomm and Alcatel Lucent only HAL, TCS and Wipro from Indian side. However, Indian companies dominate Pharmaceutical segment. In electrical and power generation, again foreign companies are major assignees like Mitsubishi, ABB, Robert Bosch, Toyota, GE, Siemens only BHEL, TVS and CSIR represents India. In the above analytics, it has clearly understood that most of the leading technology players from international markets are registering patents in India. These technologies may not developed in India but are registering patents in Indian patent office. Therefore, the entire trend shows that Indian market economy is growing and globally companies are looking to do business in India.

Sileesh Mullasseri@ecosmith

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